Windows server 2012 r2 standard cal price free
Controlling instance placement allows you to deploy applications to address licensing, corporate compliance, and regulatory requirements. You can run different instance sizes within the same instance family on a Dedicated Host using AWS Nitro instance family. This allows you to maximize utilization of your Dedicated Host fleet as well as your software licenses. How do I import and use my own Windows Server license? Visit this link for more information on how to bring your own machine images into AWS.
Keep in mind that when you choose to bring in your existing Windows Server licenses, you cannot utilize Windows Server AMIs that you purchase from AWS through license-included instances. You must bring in your own licenses using your own software media. These changes are paired with Host level data, such as the Host ID and the number of sockets and physical cores installed on a Dedicated Host. AWS Config will also keep track of instance tags.
We recommend that you tag your instances with a meaningful identifier if you would like a human-readable way to identify BYOL instances in the AWS Config output. Visit this page for more information on AWS Config. Visit the Dedicated Hosts detail page for information on the number of instances available per Dedicated Host. On this page you will also find the number of sockets and cores installed on each EC2 Dedicated Host. The instance, socket, and core counts vary by the instance type configuration of the Dedicated Host.
In , Microsoft updated the licensing terms for dedicated hosts cloud service. For more details refer to the pricing section for software usage on Dedicated Hosts. Does License Mobility work with Windows Server?
You should not use your own Windows Server license on EC2 instances with default tenancy unless you have approval from Microsoft to do so. If you have negotiated custom terms with Microsoft and have this permission, please contact AWS support or reach out to your account manager. AWS manages the licensing for you; all you need to do is pay for the instances you use. Each instance comes with two remote connections for admin purposes only. If you require more than two connections, or need those connections for purposes other than admin, you may have to bring in additional Remote Desktop Services CALs for use on AWS.
However, if you need to migrate from license-included to BYOL and have applications or OS configurations that need to be migrated, we suggest that you reach out to our partners, such as CloudEndure or AppZero, who may be able to assist with these types of migrations. Microsoft requires that customers complete and send a License Mobility verification form which can be downloaded here. There are various factors to consider when licensing passive failover for SQL Server.
In all cases, you must license Windows Server. To assist you with your virtual core licensing calculations under the Microsoft Product Terms, we provide a table here that shows the number of virtual representations of hardware threads based on instance type. Using this information, you can calculate the number of SQL Server licenses that you need to bring in. For additional information, we recommend referencing Microsoft documentation, such as the licensing guide for SQL Server see here.
SQL Server Web may not be used to support line of business applications e. Using AWS Config as the data source you can track configuration changes against physical resources such as sockets and cores.
These changes are paired with Host level data, such as the Host ID and the number of sockets and physical cores installed. We recommend that you tag your instances with a meaningful identifier if you would like a human-readable way to identify BYOL instances in your AWS Config logs.
SQL Server Developer Edition is eligible for use in non-production, development, and test workloads. An unlimited number of end users can access SQL Server on a license included instance.
However, Microsoft made changes to the license terms under these specific subscription programs that do not permit BYOL for subscriptions purchased or renewed after October 1, , and these new terms become effective at renewal. Microsoft Dynamics On-premises can be licensed with perpetual licenses with Software Assurance SA , or with active user subscription licenses.
Can I buy other license included Microsoft products for use on EC2? Can I bring in my own licenses for use on AWS? We have many customers that have successfully brought in and deployed licenses on Amazon EC2.
Customers can choose to use shared EC2 instances and utilize License Mobility or they can purchase EC2 Dedicated Hosts and utilize physically dedicated hardware.
How can I obtain additional Remote Desktop Services licenses? This Quickstart is available to help you provision these licenses for your administrators. Under this model, you would deploy your service on AWS and rent remote desktop licenses for your end users on a monthly basis. In contrast, when System Center products are purchased individually as Client Management Licenses, and are not purchased as part of System Center Standard or System Center Datacenter suites, the licenses are intended for managing end user clients rather than server environments.
This allows them to take advantage of pricing that they have negotiated with Microsoft under their EA. Microsoft requires that customers not mix self-hosting rights and SPLA for each application. If you have a solution that is licensed under the self-hosting benefit and you wish to bring it to AWS, you can deploy this on EC2 default tenancy. In this scenario, you would still be required to purchase a Windows license-included instance. We encourage startups to try AWS Activate , with benefits including usage credits, support, training and more.
Look for the date stamp in the AMI name. You find the date stamp last 8 digits at the end of the AMI name. The latest server OS released by Microsoft, Windows Server , offers a variety of features and improvements in performance, connectivity and security.
What will it cost to run Windows Server ? More details can be found in the Amazon EC2 pricing pages. Which EC2 instance types work best with Windows Server ? Windows Server comes loaded with a variety of powerful new features including support for Docker and Windows Containers.
Please see changes to Nano Server for more details. With these enhancements, SSM agent now supports a number of advanced settings and launch-time configurations. You can find a sample walkthrough in the AWS Blog. Yes, you can upgrade Windows instances to Windows Server Visit this page for more details. The release also features a Nano Server deployment option that boots faster than the Standard Edition and uses a fraction of the disk space.
Please see Changes to Nano Server for more details. Nano Server is optimized to run cloud-hosted applications and containers. Compared to Windows Server , it starts faster, requires fewer updates, consumes far less disk space, presents less surface area for security threats, and only runs bit applications, tools, and agents.
Alternately, users can customize a Nano Server instance post-launch by using Run Command , which enables configuration via remote command execution. Windows Server instances are billed under standard Windows EC2 pricing. For details on the differences between the Windows Server Editions, please refer to the Microsoft documentation.
At this time, all Amazon EC2 instance types are supported. ReFS was designed for file sharing workloads like sharing content or streaming videos. EBS volumes can be used to setup a Storage Pool. Move your mouse to the lower left corner, wait for the Start screen and then click to switch into the Start screen. For more detailed information on Server and other Microsoft Products that are no longer supported by Microsoft please see End of Support messaging.
As per the policy, after the end of the Extended Support period there will be no patches or security updates. Semi-Annual Channel SAC Microsoft Lifecycle Policy offers 18 months of support from the date of public availability, which may be the same month, or month following the release date. As per the policy, no further security updates will be provided after the end of support. LTSC releases include the version in the product name, e. Windows Server Datacenter. LTSC versions are denoted by the 4 digit year of the release, e.
SAC versions are comprised of the last 2 digits of the release year combined with the 2 digit month of the intended release, e. There is no direct impact to existing instances.
Customers can continue to start, run, and stop instances. There is no direct impact to existing AMIs registered in customer accounts. Learn more about custom AMI creation here. There will be no impact to existing instances, or to custom AMIs.
This program offers technology and expert guidance to migrate applications running on Windows Server , , and R2.
For more information on the program and to sign up, visit the program webpage. Visit this page for more details about SQL Server upgrade. To learn how to use these tools to upgrade, please visit AWS database blog. For more information, please visit AWS public documentation. Please contact AWS support for additional assistance and detail on upgrade paths. For more information, please visit Microsoft documentation. Explore other platform options. AWS is committed to offering its customers the most flexibility in the cloud.
Q: What applications are best suited for EMP? Application that have dependencies on legacy versions of Windows and lack support on newer version of Windows are prime candidates for EMP. EMP eliminates the underlying OS dependencies by packaging the dependencies in the EMP package which can run as a self-contained setup on any newer version of Windows. Q: Should all legacy applications use EMP?
Some applications will be compatible with newer version of Windows. For such applications, a simple upgrade of the underlying OS is generally the easiest path forward. EMP works best for applications that are incompatible with newer versions of Windows. Extended Security Updates can be purchased on an annual basis for servers as needed up to a maximum of 3 years after a product’s EOS date. However, ESU only include security updates and bulletins rated “critical” for SQL Server, and those rated “critical” and “important” Windows Server, still leaving your software open to other potential vulnerabilities.
Read more about Microsoft’s Extended Security Updates here. Yes; active Software Assurance SA required. More information on Microsoft’s Application Lifecycle can be found here. Products that have reached end of support in prior years are also subject to these restrictions. The following products and services are affected:. We recommend customers test this upgrade prior to this date to ensure compatibility.
RDS customers can upgrade their Database version at any time. WorkSpaces launched from License Included public bundles with Windows 7 Desktop Experience will no longer be able to be launched or rebuilt after January 14th Read more about what AWS customers are doing here. License Included : There is no additional licensing costs to move to a newer version of the software when using Amazon’s License Included options, for example:. Customers without SA can purchase a new license from Microsoft.
NOTE: As per Microsoft’s policy, after the end of the Extended Support, Microsoft will no longer provide patches or security updates unless Extended Security updates has been purchased.
Find more information on AWS Support plans here. In-place upgrade options are covered in detail here. Glossary AMI Amazon Machine Image : Is a template for the root volume for the instance for example, an operating system, an application server, and applications , manages launch permissions that control which AWS accounts can use the AMI to launch instances. Contains a block device mapping that specifies the volumes to attach to the instance when it’s launched. AWS Amazon Web Services : offers a broad set of global compute, storage, database, analytics, application, and deployment services that help organizations move faster, lower IT costs, and scale applications.
If you BYOL, you do not pay for instances with licensing included in the cost. Instead, you pay the same rate as EC2 instances with Amazon Linux pricing. When you BYOL, you are responsible for managing your own licenses.
CloudEndure : offers reliable business continuity solutions that minimize data loss and downtime due to human errors, network failures, external threats, or any other disruptions.
Our Disaster Recovery and Migration solutions are powered by innovative workload mobility technology, which continuously replicates applications from any physical, virtual, or cloud-based infrastructure into Amazon Web Services AWS.
As such, CloudEndure is uniquely qualified to support large-scale, heterogeneous environments with diverse applications and infrastructure. Custom AMI : is an AMI created in your account either built from an imported image or captured from an existing instance. For example, you can launch an instance from an existing AMI, customize the instance, and then save this updated configuration as a custom AMI.
EOS End of Support : is a term used to reference Microsoft ending support for a product, in accordance with their Product Lifecycle policy. Hyperscale : refers to the facilities and provisioning required in distributed computing environments to efficiently scale from a few servers to thousands of servers. Hyperscale computing is usually used in environments such as big data and cloud computing. In-Place Upgrade : upgrades the operating system files while your personal settings and files are intact.
Its configuration at launch is a copy of the AMI that you specified when you launched the instance. LTSC releases provide a predictable OS experience and provide 5 years of traditional support starting from initial release, plus an additional 5 years of extended support for security updates. RDS Amazon Relational Database Service : is a web service that makes it easier to set up, operate, and scale a relational database in the cloud.
It provides cost-efficient, resizable capacity for an industry-standard relational database and manages common database administration tasks. SA Software Assurance : is a comprehensive program offered by Microsoft to help deploy, manage, and use Microsoft products efficiently.
SAC Semi-Annual Channel : is release channel of Windows Server released twice per year with a limited support life cycle, ending 18 months from initial release.
SAC releases allow customers to pilot the latest OS features quickly, but are not intended for long term use. WorkSpaces Amazon Workspaces : is a managed, secure cloud desktop service. You can use Amazon WorkSpaces to provision either Windows or Linux desktops in just a few minutes and quickly scale to provide thousands of desktops to workers across the globe. Not completely. EC2Rescue for EC2 Windows is a convenient, straightforward, GUI-based troubleshooting tool that can be run on your Amazon EC2 Windows Server instances to troubleshoot operating system-level issues and collect advanced logs and configuration files for further analysis.
For more information, visit here. Not officially. While it may be possible to create an image of an older operating system, driver support would pose a major challenge to functionality. When none of the running application windows are maximized, switching can be done by clicking on a partially visible window, as is the common way in other GUIs. The court case lasted 4 years before almost all of Apple’s claims were denied on a contractual technicality.
Subsequent appeals by Apple were also denied. Microsoft and Apple apparently entered a final, private settlement of the matter in GEOS was launched in Originally written for the 8-bit home computer Commodore 64 and shortly after, the Apple II series. It came with several application programs like a calendar and word processor, and a cut-down version served as the basis for America Online ‘s DOS client.
Compared to the competing Windows 3. And it was targeted at 8-bit machines and the bit computer age was dawning. The standard windowing system in the Unix world is the X Window System commonly X11 or X , first released in the mids. Its original purpose was to allow users of the newly emerging graphic terminals to access remote graphics workstations without regard to the workstation’s operating system or the hardware.
X allows a graphical terminal user to make use of remote resources on the network as if they were all located locally to the user by running a single module of software called the X server. The software running on the remote machine is called the client application. X’s network transparency protocols allow the display and input portions of any application to be separated from the remainder of the application and ‘served up’ to any of a large number of remote users.
X is available today as free software. Although NeWS was considered technically elegant by some commentators, Sun eventually dropped the product. Unlike X, NeWS was always proprietary software. The widespread adoption of the PC platform in homes and small businesses popularized computers among people with no formal training. This created a fast-growing market, opening an opportunity for commercial exploitation and of easy-to-use interfaces and making economically viable the incremental refinement of the existing GUIs for home systems.
Also, the spreading of high-color and true-color capabilities of display adapters providing thousands and millions of colors , along with faster CPUs and accelerated graphic cards, cheaper RAM , storage devices orders of magnitude larger from megabytes to gigabytes and larger bandwidth for telecom networking at lower cost helped to create an environment in which the common user was able to run complicated GUIs which began to favor aesthetics.
After Windows 3. It also featured a significant redesign of the GUI, dubbed “Cairo”. While Cairo never really materialized, parts of Cairo found their way into subsequent versions of the operating system starting with Windows Both Win95 and WinNT could run bit applications, and could exploit the abilities of the Intel CPU , as the preemptive multitasking and up to 4 GiB of linear address memory space.
Windows 95 was touted as a bit based operating system but it was actually based on a hybrid kernel VWIN EXE of Windows for Workgroups 3. DLL that allowed it to run native bit applications as well as bit applications. In the marketplace, Windows 95 was an unqualified success, promoting a general upgrade to bit technology, and within a year or two of its release had become the most successful operating system ever produced.
Accompanied by an extensive marketing campaign ,  Windows 95 was a major success in the marketplace at launch and shortly became the most popular desktop operating system. Windows 95 saw the beginning of the browser wars , when the World Wide Web began receiving a great deal of attention in popular culture and mass media.
Microsoft at first did not see potential in the Web, and Windows 95 was shipped with Microsoft’s own online service called The Microsoft Network , which was dial-up only and was used primarily for its own content, not internet access.
As versions of Netscape Navigator and Internet Explorer were released at a rapid pace over the following few years, Microsoft used its desktop dominance to push its browser and shape the ecology of the web mainly as a monoculture. Windows 95 evolved through the years into Windows 98 and Windows ME. Windows ME was the last in the line of the Windows 3.
Windows underwent a parallel bit evolutionary path, where Windows NT 3. Windows NT for New Technology  was a native bit operating system with a new driver model, was unicode-based, and provided for true separation between applications. Windows 95 was supposed to be released before as the predecessor to Windows NT. The idea was to promote the development of bit applications with backward compatibility — leading the way for more successful NT release. After multiple delays, Windows 95 was released without unicode and used the VxD driver model.
Windows NT 3. Windows XP and higher were also made available in bit modes. Windows server products branched off with the introduction of Windows Server available in bit and bit IA64 or x64 , then Windows Server and then Windows Server R2.
With Windows 98, the Active Desktop theme was introduced, allowing an HTML approach for the desktop, but this feature was coldly received by customers, who frequently disabled it. At the end, Windows Vista definitively discontinued it, but put a new SideBar on the desktop. It underwent its largest revision to date with the introduction of the ” Aqua ” interface in ‘s Mac OS X.
Some interface features of macOS are inherited from NeXTSTEP such as the Dock , the automatic wait cursor, or double-buffered windows giving a solid appearance and flicker-free window redraws , while others are inherited from the old Mac OS operating system the single system-wide menu-bar. Mac OS X With Mac OS X In the late s, there was significant growth in the Unix world, especially among the free software community. New graphical desktop movements grew up around Linux and similar operating systems, based on the X Window System.
Later releases added improvements over the original Workbench, like support for high-color Workbench screens, context menus, and embossed 2D icons with pseudo-3D aspect. Some Amiga users preferred alternative interfaces to standard Workbench, such as Directory Opus Magellan. These object-oriented graphic engines driven by user interface classes and methods were then standardized into the Amiga environment and changed Amiga Workbench to a complete and modern guided interface, with new standard gadgets, animated buttons, true bit-color icons, increased use of wallpapers for screens and windows, alpha channel, transparencies and shadows as any modern GUI provides.
There is a brief article on Ambient and descriptions of MUI icons, menus and gadgets at aps. Use of object oriented graphic engines dramatically changes the look and feel of a GUI to match actual styleguides. Version 1. Microsoft later imitated much of this look in Windows 95 [ citation needed ]. It used Display PostScript for its graphical underpinning.
NeXTSTEP’s GUI was the first to feature opaque dragging of windows in its user interface, on a comparatively weak machine by today’s standards, ideally aided by high performance graphics hardware.
BeOS was later ported to Intel hardware. Much effort was spent by the developers to make it an efficient platform for multimedia applications.
Be Inc. Palm Inc. General Magic is the apparent parent of all modern smartphone GUI, i. In , with the iPhone  and later in with the introduction of the iPad ,  Apple popularized the post-WIMP style of interaction for multi-touch screens, with those devices considered to be milestones in the development of mobile devices.
Other portable devices such as MP3 players and cell phones have been a burgeoning area of deployment for GUIs in recent years. Since the mids, a vast majority of portable devices have advanced to having high-screen resolutions and sizes. Because of this, these devices have their own famed user interfaces and operating systems that have large homebrew communities dedicated to creating their own visual elements, such as icons, menus, wallpapers, and more. Post-WIMP interfaces are often used in these mobile devices, where the traditional pointing devices required by the desktop metaphor are not practical.
As high-powered graphics hardware draws considerable power and generates significant heat, many of the 3D effects developed between and are not practical on this class of device. This has led to the development of simpler interfaces making a design feature of two dimensionality such as exhibited by the Metro Modern UI first used in Windows 8 and the Gmail redesign.
In the first decade of the 21st century, the rapid development of GPUs led to a trend for the inclusion of 3D effects in window management. It is based in experimental research [ citation needed ] in User Interface Design trying to expand the expressive power of the existing toolkits in order to enhance the physical cues that allow for direct manipulation.
New effects common to several projects are scale resizing and zooming, several windows transformations and animations wobbly windows, smooth minimization to system tray The proof-of-concept BumpTop desktop combines a physical representation of documents with tools for document classification possible only in the simulated environment, like instant reordering and automated grouping of related documents. These effects are popularized thanks to the widespread use of 3D video cards mainly due to gaming which allow for complex visual processing with low CPU use, using the 3D acceleration in most modern graphics cards to render the application clients in a 3D scene.
The application window is drawn off-screen in a pixel buffer, and the graphics card renders it into the 3D scene. This can have the advantage of moving some of the window rendering to the GPU on the graphics card and thus reducing the load on the main CPU , but the facilities that allow this must be available on the graphics card to be able to take advantage of this.
The notebook interface is widely used in data science and other areas of research. Notebooks allow users to mix text, calculations, and graphs in the same interface which was previously impossible with a command-line interface. Virtual reality devices such as the Oculus Rift and Sony’s PlayStation VR formerly Project Morpheus  aim to provide users with presence , a perception of full immersion into a virtual environment. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues.
Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This article includes a list of general references , but it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article’s factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.
January Aspect of history. Main article: Classic Mac OS. Main article: GEM desktop environment. Main article: DeskMate. Main article: MSX-View. Main article: BBC Master. See also: History of Microsoft Windows. Main article: GEOS 8-bit operating system. Main article: X Window System.
Main article: NeWS. Main articles: Windows 95 and Windows NT. Main article: 3D interaction. Main article: Notebook interface. See also: Head-up display. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. March Retrieved June 12, Archived from the original on August 16, Creative Bloq. Retrieved July 1, Archived from the original on October 5, Electric Dreams: Computers in American Culture.
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Windows server 2012 r2 standard cal price free
Get the best deals on Microsoft Windows Server R2 Operating System Software and find everything you’ll need to improve your home office setup at. The Datacenter Edition of Windows Server has risen by almost 28 per cent in R2 drag, from US$4, to US$6, for customers who use it in. Users can also download the free Windows Server R2 Licensing In this case, we can purchase either 50 CAL licenses to cover the 50 users we have or.
All classifieds – Veux-Veux-Pas, free classified ads Website.Server Remote Desktop Services RDS 50 USER CAL for R2/Standard | eBay
Device CALs. With a Device CAL, you purchase a CAL for every device that accesses your server, regardless of the number of users who use that device to access the server. Device CALs may make more economic and administrative sense if your company has workers who share devices, for example, on different work shifts. External Connectors. If you want external users—such as business partners, external contractors, or customers—to be able to access your network, you have two licensing options:.
External Connector licensing. An EC license assigned to a server permits access by any number of external users, as long as that access is for the benefit of the licensee and not the external user. Each physical server that external users access requires only one EC license regardless of the number of software instances running.
An “instance” is an installed copy of software. The right to run instances of the server software is licensed separately; the EC, like the CAL, simply permits access. Under the Per Core model, when the server software is running in the physical OSE, you must license all physical cores on the server.
To determine the number of core licenses you need, count the total number of physical cores for each processor on the server, and then multiply that number by the appropriate core factor. You do not need to purchase additional CALs. Software licensed by core. Specialty Server licensing. Specialty Servers are server-only licenses that generally do not require CALs.
Specialty Servers require a server license for each instance of the server software running on a server.
You can run the instance in a physical or virtual operating system environment. By exception, some products provide more specific use rights. Included with the ML are the rights to run the corresponding management server software, so you do not need to acquire separate licenses for the management server software.
Software licensed by ML. Cal and MLs. You can also find up-to-date licensing information for specific products at Product Licensing Search. Microsoft Core CAL Suite: Provides six innovative technologies from Microsoft that can be used to establish a solid IT infrastructure and delivers the essential capabilities that every user needs.
Microsoft Enterprise CAL Suite: Delivers the future of productivity with 12 of the latest products in compliance, real-time collaboration, security, communication, desktop management, and more. Client Access License Suite licensing rights. CAL Suites simplify licensing and tracking by reducing the number of licenses that are necessary to access Microsoft servers. CAL Suites may also provide pricing that is more attractive than licensing the equivalent components individually.
The Microsoft CAL Suites include licenses across the Microsoft productivity and core infrastructure sets of technologies. Microsoft CAL Suites provide software rights to a subset of the Microsoft portfolio of server-based products.
To begin using these services, contact your Microsoft Partner, who can begin the provisioning process required to activate each service. In all cases, under a CAL Suite, your use rights with respect to a particular product or online service are the same as if that component were licensed separately.
The only exception is that both per-user and per-device options are available in CAL Suites, even when both options are not available outside the suite. CAL Suites are offered only with Software Assurance coverage, and they therefore provide you with the right to use the most recent version of every product in the suite. If Software Assurance coverage lapses and you are vested with perpetual rights, use rights are determined by the latest version of the products that were in effect prior to the lapse in coverage.
Rights for the online services expire upon lapse of Software Assurance coverage, regardless of whether the CAL Suite is perpetual. CAL Suite Bridges. This edition enables you to run up to two virtual instances of Windows Server with each license and provides all the same features as Datacenter edition.
The licensing for Standard edition will continue to be processor plus CAL, with each license covering up to two physical processors on a single server, just like Datacenter edition.
Essentials edition is ideal for small businesses that have up to 25 users and want to have a simpler, pre-configured connection to cloud-based services. This edition enables you to run a single virtual instance of Essentials. The licensing for Essentials will continue to be a server license for a two processor server that does not require CALs. Foundation edition is ideal for small businesses that have up to 15 users and want a general purpose server.
The licensing for Foundation has not changed; it continues to be a server license for a one-processor server that does not require CALs and is sold only through OEM original equipment manufacturer. FAQ Find answers to questions about features, licensing models, and determining which edition is right for you. How is Windows Server R2 licensed? Here are just a few examples:.
How do I determine which Windows Server R2 edition is right for me? If you purchase Standard edition today but find you need to expand the virtualization capacity of your licensed server, you can do one of the following:.
Related resources. Azure Hybrid Use Benefit. Windows Server R2 product page. Windows Server R2 licensing guide. Windows Server R2 datasheet. Licensing Microsoft server products in virtual environments. Download information about licensing models for using Microsoft server products with virtualization technologies. Featured Video. Windows Server Licensing. Related links. Product licensing FAQs.